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ҹԨ´ԹҧԴͼԴҴѹ繼µͧҹԨ Ԩ¨繨еͧԹԨ仵ӴѺ鹢ͧԨҧº ӴѺ㹡Ԩ·Ӥѭ (Major step) մѧ仹

1. ͡ǢͻѭҷзӡԨ (Selecting a topic of research) 繡á˹ͺࢵ͢ͺ¢ͧҹ
2. ֡Ҥ鹤Ǻ鹰ҹ зɮշǢͧѺҹԨ (Review literature and related research) ԨͧѲҡâͧͷɮչ վѲҡҧ 繤鹤Դ õǨͺԨҺҧ յ㴺ҧǢͧ ẺἹԨ· 觵ҧ ҹЪԨͧ繻ѭѴ
3. ӨӡѴǢͻѭҷзӡԨ (Formulating research problem) 㹢鹹Ԩ¨еͧ¹¶֧ҢͧѭҷԨ ɮվ鹰ҹ ¢ͧԨ ӤѭͧԨ ͺࢵͧԨ ͵ŧͧ ӹѾ੾ ԸմԹ ҧ ͧͷ㹡Ԩ ʶԵԷ ͡áԨ·Ǣͧ
4. ҧ԰ҹ (Formulating research hypothesis) ҧ԰ҹ繡äҴ๤ӵͺͧѭҷзӡԨ èѡɳ ѡͧ˵ؼūҨҨҡʺó͡çҹԨ·鹤͹ҹ (Deductive) һѭҹ鹤èеͺ ӵͺҡͤҴ๹¡ ԰ҹ 㹢鹹Ԩ¨еͧԨóҴһѭ԰ҹ㹡Ԩդʹͧѹ ˵žͷеǨͺ
5. Ԩó觷Ңͧ (Source of data) ͼԨ¨еͧ֡ҡѧԨͧ ŷзӡԨ¤ ˹ ҧ ҧ ͡ҧ Ը 繵
6. ҧͧͷ㹡Ԩ (Formulating research instrument) ͡ػó㹡 Ǻ͹зӡԨ ¾ԨóҨҡٻẺͧԨФͧûͧӤѭ ͷԨ¨˹ͧ͡ѺҹԨҡش ҹ㹢鹹Ԩ¤èաõǨͺسҾͧͧդ§çͶ ¡ѡɳС÷ӧҹҧ Pilot study ͷͧѺ Ңͺͧн֡ѭ 繡ûԹҹԨͧҨդس Ѻ ѧСѧͧзӵ
7. Ǻ (Collecting data) ͡ùͧѺҧԧ 㹡Ԩ 繡ԨẺͧŧͷͧͧ
8. èѴзӢС (Scrutinizing data and Analysis of data) 繡͡â ѴͨѴǴͧ дǡ͡÷йѹй仵Ǩͺ԰ҹʹԨó͡ʶԵԷѺѡɳТͧ ǡԴԸաùʹͤʶԵԷҤèѴʹẺ㴨֧ դҡش ͻª㹡¹§ҹԨ
9. դšҢػ (Interpretation of data) 㹷ҧԺѵԸյդ¢ 2 Ը 觷 2 Ըչռ ѹ Ը˹觨͸Ժ੾мšŷҡԨҹ ӢͤԴǹͷɮͼšԨ·ǢͧһСͺػ ǤŢͼŷҡҹʴ稨ԧ ҹ繼ԹԨͧ ǹաԸ˹觨͸Ժ¼šʹáԴ ʹзҧԧҨҡɮмšԨ·ǢͧһСͺҡѺŢͧҡԨ¤駹 ҨЪõդšչ˹ѡҡ觢
10. ¹§ҹԨСèѴ (Research report and publishing) 繡§ҹ 稨ԧ鹾ͻª͵ͧм Ԩ¨еͧ¹ҷ㨧 Ѵਹ Ѵ ǵǨ٤١ͧա˹觡͹ШѴ
ӴѺ鹢ͧԨ· 10 鹹 Ԩ¨еͧҧἹҹͺͺ ¡˹Ңͧ÷ӧҹТѴਹ Ǿѹҷ˹Т ҧҹ㴡зӤǺѹӤǺѹ ҹ㴨еͧӡ͹ѧͧӵἹҧ 駹ҹԨ稵˹ҷͧ


Ƿҧ㹡͡ѭ͡Ԩ


áͧԨҨ繡Ԩ»㴡 ѡԨ¨еͧ͡ѭ֡ͤҢ稨ԧ͹ 觡͡ѭҷзӡԨ¹ ѺͧӤѭҡѡԨ¨еͧԨóѴöԨͧǧ仴´
͹ ѭҷӤѭѺѡԨ ҨԨͧ ͧԨ ФԴͧ ѭҹդǷ駹 ֡ҡͧԨ¹繢ͧҡ ԧѧջѭҷҷӡԨҡ 駹
1. ʶҹ ѡٵ ¹ŧ֧繡ҡŧػҧ͹ лѭҷҧѧ褧͹ʹ ͹ѺػŷҧҹԷʵ ԡ ͤԵʵ
2. ѭҷҧѧ֡ ö֡ ʶҹó¹ 駹դѹ ͵ͧººѺ ػ
֧ ѭ㹡Ԩ¹Ƿ ԨҨѧͧ辺 駹ѧ شʹ㹡ͧͧзԨ (Problem blindness) ͧ
Ƿҧ㹡͡ѭ͡Ԩ
͡ѭ㹡Ԩ¹ѺͧӤѭѡԨµͧѴԹлԹ㹷ء ҹ Ԩ¹´ ҡ͡ѭԨóͧ Ҩͧԡ¹Ǣͻѭ ѹз çҹ Թŧعһª ѧ蹷͹ѧ㨢ͧԨա ˵ع͡ѭ㹡Ԩ¨֧þԨóͺͺ еͧҨз ֧ʹǷҧ㹡͡ǢͻѭҷзӡԨ ѧ仹
1. 繻ѭҷԨʹҡش դʹѡɳе仹
1.1 դҡҡԧԪҡ
1.2 ѷçҷǧҤӵͺ㹻ѭҹ »Ȩҡç٧ ¹͡ زԺѵ ô 繵 繤ʹ㹷Դ鹨ҡʹ㨢ͧԨͧ
2. äӹ֧֧سҢͧŧҹԨ ҨСԴªդسҡ§㹴ҹҧ 仹
2.1 㹴ҹԴ ҨѡɳʹѺʹع ͤѴҹ ҧɮѡâ
2.2 㹴ҹԴʵԻѭ ͼšԨ¨ЪؤդóẺ觢 öʹͧͧâͧؤѧ
2.3 㹴ҹùӤ ǤͼŷҡԨöѺاԵкҹբ šԨǷҧ㹡ûѺا
3. äӹ֧֧ö㹡Ԩ ¶֧ Ԩ¨еͧӹ֧֧ö㹡÷Ԩ㹴ҹҧ 仹
3.1 դöҤ㹷ء ͧǡѺԨ㹻ѭҹ
3.2 öԹ§ͷзӡԨ㹻ѭҹ
3.3 ԨöҢ㹻ѭҹ öҧ§çջԷҾ
4. äӹ֧֧ҾǴ͵͡Ԩ 觵仹
4.1 Ԫҡ÷öԴͤ鹤Ҥ㹻ѭҷԨ
4.2 ػóͧӹ¤дǡ㹡Ǻ
4.3 ѺͨҡǢͧ㹡Ԩ ҧ ҧͧ Ǻ Ǣͧ㹡ҫ觢 繵
5. ѡɳТͧǢͻѭҷзӡԨ èѡɳдѧ
5.1 ѭҷзӡԨáҧ˭ⵤͺѡԹ СѺ çҹФ·赹
5.2 ѭҷԨöԸաԨ Ң§ͷй͵ͺѭҹ
5.3 ѭҷԨդӤѭջª ͧùСҧ 繻ѭҷ
5.4 ѭҷԨͧӫ͹Ѻͧ ¡㹡óշͧä鹤Ԩʹ٤¹ŧͧͧ ͵ͧä鹤Ԩµͧ
5.5 ա§ѭҷ繢Ͷ§ѧҢص ѭ蹹ùǢͻѭҡԨ ö§ҧѪ ͤԴ繵ҧ öѴԹҶ١ͼԴ
5.6 ѭҷԨµͧöҧͧ㹡Ǻ
5.7 ͡ѭԨ·Ъͧҧ蹷Ԩµ ¢ᵡᢹѭ͡ ѹзԴҧҧ

觢ͧѭѺԨ

͡ѭѺԨ¹ѺͧҡѺѡԨ ҺҨзӡԨͧô ͨФ鹤ͧԨҡ ǹ˭ѡԸջ֡ͫѡҡ 繨ԧ ѭҡԨҨҡҹ ѡԨҨҡ ѧ
1. ŧҹԨ¢ͧ ͧǡѺѭҷʹСѧ֡ ԾҡԨóФԴҧԹԨǹѧШҧѧ Ҥӵͺѧ ѭѺԨ ҨͤԴ㹡õǢ͡Ԩ¨ҡʹ㹡÷Ԩµͧ͢ŧҹԨ·֡ҡ
2. Ӿٴ ʹ ͤԴ ͧҧ ʹͧǷ趡§繢͢Ѵ駷ѧӡõǨͺԸաԨ
3. ͧ˵ءóԴ ͧҡѧա¹ŧ Ф˹ҷҧԷҡõҧ ҨԴѭҢ ҨӻѭҹҵǢԨ
4. ʹͻ֡͡ѺǪҭҢԪҹ ǹӻѭҹҵǢ͡Ԩ
5. ʶҺѹ˹§ҹաԨ ʹؤҡ÷ӡԨͨͤԴͻѭҷзӡԨµ
6. ҡѭҵҧ 駢ͧзʺµͧ ͧԸա÷ѭҹ ¹ӻѭҵǢԨ

õ駪ͧԨ

ͧԨ¹Ѻ繨شáд֧ٴʹ㨢ͧҹ зҹԴ㹻ѭԸաôԹԨ¢ͧԨա ѧ鹡õ駪ͧԨ¨֧ͧ¹Ѵਹ 㨧 ¹ҧ ˵عԨ¨֧ͧѴѧ㹡õ駪ͧԨ ѡࡳ㹡þԨóҴѧ
1. õ駪ͧԨ ӷ੾Ш ͤ੾ͧ Фҷ㨧 зѴѴ ͧèԹ仨Ҵ·ҧԪҡ
2. õ駪ͧԨçѺ繢ͧѭ ͼҹҹǨҺ繡ԨǡѺѭѹ ҧ駪ͧԨ·ҹդ·ȷҧ ҾҹͧդӤѭҡԹ繨ԧ
3. õ駪ͧԨ¡ӷ觺͡Һ֧ͧԨ 觨зͧѴਹ 㨧¢
3.1 ԨԧǨ ѡ Ǩ ֡͡㹪ͧԨҨкص¡ ֡ҡբͧҹ ͡Ǩբͧҹ ͡բͧҹ 繵
3.2 Ԩԧ֡ºº õ駪ͧԨѡɳй ѡ ֡ ºº ͡ºº ˹ ֡ººö㹡ҹͧѡ¹ࢵй͡ࢵȺ ͧѧѴä
3.3 Ԩԧѹ Ԩ» ֡Ҥѹ ͤѹ ˹ҪͧԨ ѹҧѴ駡ѺСûѺǢͧ 繵
3.4 Ԩԧ֡ҾѲҡ Ԩ»ѡ ֡ҾѲҡ;Ѳҡù˹ҪͧԨ ֡ҾѲҡôҹ¹ͧ硡͹¹ࢵȺͧä
3.5 Ԩԧͧ õ駪ͧԨ»Ҩ駪ᵡҧѹ͡仵ѡɳТͧ÷ͧ Ҩ ÷ͧ ѧ ֡ ºº ˹ Ҩҹ˹ҡ ÷ͧ§駡㹨ѧѴҧͧ һҳͧô⹷㹻ҡ⾴ѧҡ¹ӵŪԴҧ ѧôѹҡ૵ ֡ͧСͺҧ ҧС ºº͹ҹԸÿѧСͺ ʡѴԹҡ͡ѭѹ
4. õ駪ͧԨѡɳТͧӹ 觨зԴ ¡ҡӡҹ˹Ҫͧ ᷹ ֡ ºº Ǩ ӷѡɳ繤ӹ˹ ֡ ºº Ǩ ѧҧ仹
: ֡ǧêԵͧعѢ
բ : ֡ǧêԵͧعѢ
: ººçҧѡ¹¡Ѻѡ¹˭ԧͧç¹ࢵȺͧ
բ : ººçҧѡ¹¡Ѻѡ¹˭ԧͧç¹ࢵȺͧ
5. õ駪ͧԨ·Сͺ¢ͤ§㨤ó 繪ͧкҺش¢ͧԨ Сҧ֡Ԩ´ ֡ҤѹҧṹͺѴ͡ѺôਵԵԪҪվ٢ͧԵԷ- Թò 鹻շ 1 ա֡ 2544
͹ ѡԨºҧҹ¹ͧԨ к´ŧ ؤԡҾͧ ѡ֡Ҥ 繵


ͤѧ㹡͡ѭѺԨ
͡ѭ㹡Ԩ¹ѺӤѭҡ ҡ͡ӹ֧֧㹴ҹҧ ҨԴѭ㹡÷Ԩ¨֧Ѻͧԡ仡 ѧͻͧѹԴҴѧ ֧ʹͤ͢ѧ㹡͡ѭѺԨѧ
1. Ǻš͹ӨӡѴͧǢͻѭҧѴਹ¡͹ ТŷǺҨͺѭҹҧó
2. ҡ˹ѭѺԨ¨ҡŷ ¾駻ѭѺ ŷҨդóúǹԨ㹻ѭҹ
3. ǢͻѭФ¢ͧԨѴਹ ͧԨѡɳйзá˹觢ͧ ͧͷ㹡ǺŤҴ͹ ˵ػżԴҴ
4. 駻ѭѺԨҹŧҹԨ¢ͧ蹷 ѹ Ԩդҧҧ ֡㹻ѭҹ ҨԴҡ㹡Ť¢мš
5. Ԩ·ӡԨդҢԪҹ դ鹰ҹҧɮբͧͧԨзԴѭҵҧ ҧ ҧἹԨ õ԰ҹ 繵
6. բ͵ŧͧ鹢ͧѭҡԨѴਹͶ Ԩ¹ШҧѴ Ҩ˵żšԨ¼ԴҴ仨ҡ稨ԧ
7. Ԩ·ǢͻѭҡҧҡԹ ӡѴͺࢵ˵÷Ԩ¹診 Һբͺࢵ˹


¹ӨӡѴͧѭ

¹ӨӡѴͧѭҹ繡á˹ͺ¢ͧͧԨѴਹ ѹзԨͧǷҧ㹡ôԹԨҧ´ء鹵͹ Ƿҧ㹡ҧͧ ôԹǺ С 繵 ѧԨöҳҷ㹡÷Ԩ ͨҧἹǧ˹ա ¹ӨӡѴͧѭҨлСͺǹҧ ѧ仹
1. ӹѧ Ҩ ѡ˵ؼͷҢͧѭҡ դ͹ѹ ¹ӹѧ繡ê繶֧鹵ͧ͢ѭ һѭҹ鹤 ըش觡ԴҨҡ 觼Ԩ¤ҧɮվ鹰ҹǢͧ ҨʹáŧҹԨºҧͧ Ǣͧµçŧ㹵͹¢ͧӹ ҡѡ͡˵ؼç٧㨷ѴԹ㨷ӡԨͧ鹴 ¹ӹӷդѡɳдѧ
1.1 ͧö繶֧鹵ͧ͢ѭҧѴਹ
1.2 ͧ͡˵ؼŷӡԨҧʹͧѺҾ繨ԧ »ȨҡͤǹǢͧԨ
1.3 ͧ繤ӤѭͧѭҾ駻ªӤѭѺҡԨ¹ Ҩ ʹáŧҹԨͤ͢Դ繵ҧ ͧؤŷժ§ŧ仴 չ˹ѡͶ觢
1.4 ͧ١ͧ зѴѴ㨤еçش ѡɳСú·о§ӴѺԴͧѹ
1.5 ͤ¹ͧѡɳ繡 ¡лѭҧ˵ؼ Դ㹻ѭҪѴਹ
2. ¢ͧԨ ͧҡѭԨ繻ѭͻѭ ¹¢ͧԨ¨֧繡ùһѭԨ¹¡͡繻ѭ 駹ԨͧǷҧ㹡ǺŹͧ ˵عѡԨºҧҹ֧¡¢ͧԨ 繻ѭҢͧԨ¡
¹¢ͧԨѡк͡Һ֧ ҧ ѡɳТͧ֡Ԩ 觼Ԩ¨¹㹤¢ͧԨ繡֡һѭҷյ ҧ ֡ѡɳ 繡֡ẺǨ ÷ͧ Ҥѹ ºº ֡͡ҾѲҡ ͧҡ¢ͧԨ繡ùһѭԨ¡͡繻ѭ ѧ ֧ѡࡳ¹ Ѻ¹ͻѭ㹡Ԩ Ǥͨ¹繻¤Ӷ ͻ¤͡Ҹҡ ö԰ҹ ͺ ͡ҡԨµͧѴਹ㨧 ա§ӫӫ͹ “֡” ԨҨ¹ǹ͹ ¹ ֡Ҥ駹ͧ֡
1. ٷز٧͹¹աҤٷزԵ
2. ٧仨դŧ
3. ѡ͡äǺдѺҧѹ ռŵͤͧ͢ ҡ§
仹繵ҧ¹㹡Ԩ·
1. ͧСͺѴҧʵԻѭҷѹѺķҧ¹Եʵͧѡ¹дѺѸ֡ҵ͹
2. ҧþҡóķҧ¹
3. ֡ǹѭդѹѺķҧ¹§
4. ͵ͧ÷Һҹѡ¹Ѻʹҵҧѹ ਵԵѲᵡҧѹ
5. ǨԴͧԵ ¡õǨبТͧЪҪ ǹ ࢵѹ ا෾ҹ
3. ӤѭͧԨ ÷Ԩͧ ԨµͧԨóҶ֧سҢͧŧҹԨ·Ѻ Шеͧ¹ҹ繤ӤѭͧԨ¹鹴 繡¹¡äҴ๼ŷѺҡ÷Ԩúҧͧ äҴ๹ҨͧͧѺ СùӼšԨª 駹ҹͧ繤Ӥѭͧ÷ԨͧҧѴਹ
͹觡¹ӤѭͧԨ Ԩ¨еͧ¹Թ繨ԧ еͧ¹ʹͧѺش¢ͧԨ ¢ͧԨ¡
1. ˹ѧ¹Էʵ Ѹ֡һշ 3 º§鹵ç¢ͧ͹Էʵҡ§
2. ѴŢͧ˹ѧ¹ ҵç¢ͧ͹Էʵҡ§
ҡ´ѧ Ҩ¹ӤѭͧԨѧ
1. Էʵмç¹ Ƿҧ㹡͡˹ѧ¹ҧ
2. Ƿҧ㹡¹лѺا˹ѧ¹Էʵ
3. ˹ҷǢͧѺäѴ͡˹ѧ¹ ͹حҵç¹ ࡳ͡˹ѧ¹Էʵդسҵ͡¹͹
4. ͺࢵͧԨ Ԩ·ءͧеͧբͺࢵͧ֡ мԨöӡԨҧúǹ ˵عԨ¨֧ӡѴͺࢵͧ֡Ҩ֡ͧ ֡ҡѺ ֡ 駹͵աͺԴͧԨмҹǧӡѴ
á˹ͺࢵͧԨ¹ ԨС˹ͧͧЪҡ ҧе÷ǢͧѺԨ ¹ͺࢵͧԨ ԨҨ¹¡Ǣ͡ҧе 繢ͤ Ҩ¹繻¤ ¹¡Ǣ͡ҧе繷¹ѹҡ
仹繵ҧ¹ͺࢵԨẺ¡Ǣ͡ҧе Ԩͧ ֡Ҥչ㨢ͧ ҡҡ ྷغ ͧѡ֡һշ 1 - 4 Է¤ٹû ӡѴͺࢵͧҧеѧ ( سʴ. 2517.)
1. ҧ 㹡֡Ҥ駹зӡѺҧ繹ѡ֡Ҫ鹻շ 1 - 4 ա֡ 2516 Է¤ٹû ӹǹ 400 繪 206 ˭ԧ 194 ͧҡѺѡ֡¹дѺ鹻շ 1 ըӹǹ§ѹء й ѡ֡㹻շ 1 - 4 ֧ըӹǹ§ѹ ҧ֧дѺ 100 ҹ
2. ÷֡
2.1 ͹Ҥѹ յ 4
- չ㨢ͧ
- ҡҡ
-
- ྷغ
2.2 ͹ºº

- ( - ˭ԧ)
- дѺ¹
õ
- չ㨢ͧ
- ҡҡ
-
- ྷغ
ҧ¹ͺࢵͧԨ Ẻ¹繢ͤ ¹繻¤
1. ҧ㹡֡Ҥ駹 Ե鹻շ 4 ͧԷ չԹò ԷࢵҤѹ͡§˹ ѧѴä 㹻ա֡ 2526 ֡ҵѡٵá֡ҺѳԵ Ԫ͡ ҧ 14 Ԫ͡ ӹǹ 650
2. ֡Ҥ駹֡੾йѡ¹鹻ж֡һշ 6 ࢵѧѴ͹ ҧ 繧 10 çҹ
3. ֡Ҥ駹֡੾лԵöԹԨҡõǨبҹ
5. ͵ŧͧ 繢ͤԨµͧҹѺͧաþ٨ ҹ㨧ҹԨ¹ҧբ͢Ѵ ͡ҡ͵ŧͧѧջªͼԨͧ͡ʶԵա
¹͵ŧͧҨ繢͵ŧǡѺ èѴзӢ ԸԨСҧ ԨµͧèеŧѺҹ繢͵ŧ㹡÷Ԩͧ 仹繡¹͵ŧͧǡѺ èѴзӢ ԸԨ ҧ ӴѺ
1. Ԩ¤駹 ᵡҧͧ ͪҵ ҹзҧɰԨʹҪվͧԴ ô ռšз͹͡¹
2. Ԩ¤駹 ᨡᨧͧѡɳ駻 (Normal distribution) ֧öԸա÷ҧʶԵẺԡ (Parametric statistic) 㹡Ť駹
3. ǺҨ͹ᨡẺͺ觤׹ѹǡѹѺǺ¼Ԩ¢㹪͹ͧҨǤǺѡ¹ͺ㹪 ǡѹ
4. ѡ¹ءẺͺЩѺ դǡѺԸաõͺСõǨṹԸշ١˹ҧ
6. ӹѾ੾ 㹡Ԩ· ѡеͧ¢ͧӺҧӷ§ҹԨ੾Ш㹻繷ǢͧѺԨ Ԩмҹդ㨵çѹ ѧ鹹ѡԨ¨зӡԨͧ㴨еͧѾ੾еѴਹ͹ 觨ЪҹԨ㹡ͺҡ觢ա
ѺӷҨ繤 ͤ ᷹ͤ ж¹ͤ ӡѹ з㹡¹ ¹֧˹繤ͤ ᷹ 觤ҹеͧѾ੾д ҹ㨵çѺ ԨҤӹ ¶֧
á ¶֧ áзӷعçԴ仨ҡ 繡áзӷ纻Ǵ 觷¼ ਵਵµç
ɵá ¶֧ СͺҪվ㹡÷ӹ ǹ §ѵ 㹻 ..2544
Ѻӷդ੾Ш㹡Ԩ Ҩդ· Ԩ¨еͧӹҹ ҹҧ
ʵ (Host) ¶֧ ѵջԵ
ٺ ¶֧ ˭ ¤˭ Ф˹ǴԪ
ա˹觷ӹ ӷѡɳ繹 դѴਹ ҡ 蹤 ѧ (Aspiration) ྷغ (Machiavellianism) Ẻѧ (Dogmatism) 繵
·ǡѾ੾ Ҩ 2 Ẻ ùẺ仡ѺùԺѵԡ
6.1 ùẺ 繡á˹·ҧҧ Ҩµɮ ҹء ͵Ǫҭ 繡ùٻҾҡûԺѵ ҨѴԸ Ѵ
ó ¶֧ ҹ¹ٻչԾ ¡ͧТ¹
õͺСõǨṹԸ 0-1 (Zero-one method) ¶֧ Ըա÷ѡ¹͡ͺ੾е͡١ ṹ 0 ṹҹѡ¹ͺԴ ṹ 1 ṹҹѡ¹ͺ١
6.2 ùԺѵԡ (Operational definition) 繹öҼ黯Ժѵԧ ͸ԺҾĵԡ͵ùѴѧࡵ ʴ֧سѵԹ
ਵԵԪԷʵ ¶֧ ֡ͧѡ¹Ҫͺͺ ԪҤԵʵѹԴҡ¹лʺó 觨ʴ͡ҷȷҧ㴷ȷҧ˹ ѴẺͺԨҧ ѡ¹㴷ṹҡਵԵԪҤԵʵաҤṹ
ʹ㨷ҧԷʵ ¶֧ ֡ͺ;㨷յԷʵ͡ԨҧԷʵ ѺԷʵҡҧ ԨҧԷʵ¤Ѥ

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