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ҧ GNU/GPL

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GNU General Public License Ѻ

͡ê鹹繡ҧ繷ҧâͧ GNU General Public License . ·͡Ҩҡ Free Software Foundation 繡á˹ѭҵ㹡Ϳ GNU GPL §鹩Ѻѧɢͧ GNU GPL ҹ鹷. ҧá ѧҧҹŪ鹹Ъ餹 GNU GPL 觢.



ѭ͹حҵͿǹ˭Ѻ͡ẺԴ͹Ҿͧس㹡觻ѹ䢫Ϳ. 㹷ҧѺѹ GNU General Public License ըشͻСѹҾͧس㹡觻ѹ䢫Ϳ (free software) ͷҫͿ觷Ѻء. General Public License ѭ͹حҵҸóԷԵԢԷѺùѺͿǹ˭ͧ Free Software Foundation 㴡ҧäִ蹵͡ѭҹ. (իͿҧ鹢ͧ Free Software Foundation ͺ GNU Library General Public License ᷹.) سͧöѭҹѺͧسǡѹ.

ҡǶ֧ free software ¶֧Ҿ Ҥ. General Public License ͧѺ͡Ẻͷ سҾҢͧͿ (ФԴҤѺèѴ˹㹡óշسͧ) سѺ source code ö㹡óշسͧ سöǹСͺͧͿ㹫Ϳ سѺҤسԷԷзӷ.

ͻͧԷԢͧس Ҩ繵ͧҧͨӡѴҧ ûʸԷҹͤس ¡ͧسԷԴѧ. ͨӡѴҹ˹ҷӹǹ˹觢ͧس 㹡óշسҢͧͿ ʹѴŧͿ.

ҧ 㹡óշسҢͧѡɳй ҨͤԴҤ سеͧԷԷҧسѺ. سеͧѴؤŹѺöҫ source code ǡѺس. ФسеͧʴѭҹؤŹ ͷؤŹ鹨Ѻ֧ԷԢͧ.

ԸջͧԷԢͧسͧ鹵͹: (1) ʧǹԢԷͧͿ (2) ʹѭ͹حҵسöзӫ /ʹѴŧͿҧ١ͧ.

͡ҡ 繡ûͧҧäеǢͧͧ ҵͧҷء Ѻ÷ӤҨաѺСѹ 㹫Ϳժ鹹. 㹡óշͿѺôѴŧºؤᨡ觵͡ѹ ҵͧѺ˹ѡ觷赹Ѻ繢ͧ һѭ ѹԴҡؤ蹨Ҵԧ件֧§ͧҧä鹩Ѻ.

·ش Ϳѡж١ءԷԺѵëͿ繹Ԩ. һʧա§§Ѵ˹«Ϳ˹觨仢Ѻѭ͹حҵԷԵԷԺѵͧ ѹ繼ŷ͡Է੾ (proprietary). ͻͧѹͧ ˹ҧѴਹԷԺѵ㴡еͧ͹حҵءҧԩй鹡͹حҵ.


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÷ӫ дѴŧբ͡˹͹䢴ѧ仹
͡˹͹㹡÷ӫ дѴŧ


0. ѭҹѺͧҹ㴷բͤ͡ҢͧԢԷö¢ͤ General Public License. Ѵҡ令 "" ¶֧ͧҹѡɳдѧ "ҹվ鹰ҹҡ" ¶֧ͧҹѴŧҡ鹵ԢԷ: Ǥ ҹСͺҷͺҧǹ ҨФաôѴŧ/Ѻ. (ҡ繵 ŹѺ㹤¢ͧ "ôѴŧ" բͺࢵ.) "س" ¶֧кؤżѺ͹حҵԷԵѭ.

ѭҹͺ件֧áз㴹͡˹ͨҡ÷ӫ дѴŧ áз㴹͡˹͢ͺࢵͧѭ. ѭǺѹҹ ѭҨФͺ֧ѾҡҢͧѾͧСͺͧҹվ鹰ҹҡ (Ѻ÷Ѿҹ÷ӢҨҡѹ). Ѿҡж繧ҹվ鹰ҹҡѺ鹷.

1. سöӫͺѹ֡ ҷȨҡ䢢ͧ source code ͧسѺ բ سеͧʴӺ͡ԢԷФӻʸѺСѹҧ蹪Ѵ ѡҤӺ͡Ƿҧ֧ѭҹФȨҡѺСѹ餧¡ѹҧó ͺҢͧѭҹ仾Ѻ.

سöԴҤѺáз㹷ҧҾͶ·ʹҪ˹ Фسöʹ͢¡ѺСѹ㹡óշسͧ.

2. سöѴŧҢͧҷͺҧǹ áз蹹鹤͡ҧҹվ鹰ҹҡ ФسöӫôѴŧͧҹѡɳдѧ¢ͤ 1 ҧ բҤسеͧԺѵԵ͹ҹ:

a) س سеͧӺ͡Ƿ蹪ѴҤس ѹ㹡Ф.
b) 㹡ɳ (ʹ͵Ҹó) ҹ㴡ͺҧǹͧҹ鹻СͺʹѴŧҨҡͺҧǹͧ سеͧ͹حҵͧҹؤŷԴŤ ¢ͤѭҹ.
c) 㹡óշѴŧա÷ӧҹáԴ¡Ѻԧͺ㹢зѹ سͧ ͹ѹҹԧͺѧǵá 鹨оʴ繻СѹСͺ Ӻ͡ԢԷҧ Ӻ͡աѺСѹ (ԩй鹡͡Ҥسͧ繼ѺСѹ) ͡Ҽö鹵͹䢵ѭҹ ͡ԸշöҹҢͧѭҹ. (¡: 㹡óշͧзӧҹԧͺ áǨաʴСѡɳдѧ͹ 蹹鹧ҹվ鹰ҹҡ繵ͧʴС .)
ࡳҹѧѺͧҹѴŧ. 㹡óբͧǹṡ͡ǹѹѴŧҨҡ ö繧ҹеҧҡ͡仴˵ѹ 蹹ѭ͹䢢ͧѭҹռźѧѺǹѧ ͤسǹ繧ҹҧҡ͡. ͤسǹǡѹǹСͺͧҹѹ繧ҹվ鹰ҹҡ ҹѧǨеͧз¢ͤѭҹ ·ԷѺؤŷ¨Т¢ͺࢵͺ仵ʹҹ ʹ仨֧ǹСͺء ǹè繼¹ǹ.

˵آҧ ͹ʧ¡ͧԷԢͧس㹧ҹسҧäͧ ҡʧԢԷͤǺҹѴŧͧҹǺѹ繧ҹվ鹰ҹҡ.

͡ҡ §ӧҹ蹷繧ҹվ鹰ҹҡѺ (ͧҹվ鹰ҹҡ) ˹¤ͧͺѹ֡͡ǡѹ˵ҹѧǵͺࢵͧѭҹ.

3. سöӫ (ͧҹվ鹰ҹҡ 2) ٻẺ object code executable ¢ͤ 1 2 ҧ բҤسеͧԹҧҧ˹觵仹ա:

a) ͺ source code ҧúǹͧѧٻẺҹ仾Ѻ · source code ѧǨеͧ¢ͤ 1 2 ҧ ͺѹ֡ѹ繡Ԩѵ㹡š¹Ϳ
b) ṺʹѡɳѡѹռҧҨͺҧúǹͧ source code ͧѧٻẺҹؤŷ ¤ԴҤҡ仡ҵ鹷ع㹷ҧҾͧس㹡ôԹ source code · source code ѧǨеͧ¢ͤ 1 2 ҧ ͺѹ֡ѹ繡Ԩѵ㹡š¹Ϳ
c) ṺŷسѺ֧ʹ㹡 source code ͧѧ. (ҧ͡੾Сóա繡ä ա駤سѺٻẺ object code executable ¢ʹҧ١ͧ b ҧ.)
source code ͧҹ˹觧ҹ¶֧ҹٻẺشѺ÷ӡôѴŧ. ѺҹٻẺ executable source code ҧúǹ¶֧ source code ͧء module 㹧ҹ ֧ interface definition file Ǣͧ ֧ script 㹡äǺäСõԴ executable . ҧá 㹰ҹТ¡鹾 source code 繵ͧ件֧㴡 (ҨٻẺ source code binary) áԨѺҾѺǹСͺѡ (compiler, kernel 㹷ӹͧǡѹ) ͧкԺѵԡ÷ѹ executable ǹСͺ鹨лСͺǹ˹ executable ѧͧ

㹡óշ executable object code з¡ʹöҶ֧Ңͧҡ˹觷к ʹͷҤѹöҶ֧Ңͧ source code ҡǡѹ繡 source code ֧Һؤ蹨˵بѹ㴷еͧѺ source code 仴¾Ѻ object code.

4. سöӫ Ѵŧ ǧѭ лԺѵԵ˹ªѴѭҹ. 㴷зӫ Ѵŧ ǧѭ Ш繡صԷԢͧسѭҹѵѵ. ҧá ؤŷѺԷԨҡسѭҹ ١¡ԡѭҵҺ㴷ؤŹѧԺѵԵѭҧ觤Ѵ.

5. س繵ͧѺѭҹ ͧҡسŧ. ҧá ù͡ҡ͹حҵسѴŧͧҹѴŧҡ. áзӴѧǵͧ¶ҡسѺѭҹ. ѧ ¡ôѴŧ (ͧҹվ鹰ҹҡ) سʴǶ֧Ѻѭҹ 駢͡˹͹䢷㹡÷ӫ ʹѴŧͧҹվ鹰ҹҡ ͷСз蹹.

6. Ф駷س (ͧҹվ鹰ҹҡ) ѺѺ͹حҵѵѵԨҡҢͧԷöзӫ ʹѴŧ ͡˹͹䢢ͧѭҹ. سöҧͨӡѴ͡ԷԢͧѺͺ仵. سͧѺԴͺ㹡úѧѺûԺѵԵѭҢͧؤ

7. 㹡óշ͹ѹͧҨҡþԾҡҢͧ͢͡㹡ԴԷԺѵͨҡ˵ؼ (ӡѴ੾лǡѺԷԺѵ) ҺѧѺͤس (Ҩ¤觢ͧ ͵ŧ͢͵ŧ㹷ҧçѹ) ѡɳзѴ͹䢢ͧѭҹ ͹蹹ö¡鹤س͡ҡ͹䢢ͧѭҹ. ҡسöԹͷлԺѵԵТͧسѭҹм١ѹǢͧ㴾仴¡ѹ šͤس索Ҵ. ҧ ҡѭ͹حҵԷԵԷԺѵéѺ㴩Ѻ˹Դ͡ؤŷѺҢͧҡس Ҩµç ᨡԴҸ 蹹˹ҧǷسлԺѵԵ͹䢹ѭҹѹͤسеͧ鹨ҡҧԧ.

ҡǹ㴢ͧ͹ռźѧѺĵԡó੾Сó ѭһʧǹͧ͹ѧѺ㹡ó蹹 ͹ѧѺ㹾ĵԡó .

شʧͧ͹繡êѡǹسԴҧԷԷԺѵͷѾԷ 駤١ͧ㹡ҧԷ蹹 شʧ§СǢͧ͹͡ûͧóҾͧкͿի觴Թ¡ûԺѵԵ public license. 餹ҡͼŧҹʹѺʹعþѹͧͿҹкѧ ¤ҧкзӧҹҧ繸 Ѻ¹/ʹѺʹعеѴԹѤ㨨Ϳҹкҡ ·ҧ¼ѺҨáöӡѴõѴԹ㨹.

͹ਵҷҧШҧ觷Ҩ繼Ũҡǹͧ͢ѭ.

8. 㹡óշաäǺ/͡㹻㴻˹ ҨԷԺѵԢԷ㹡õͻҹѺ ҢͧԢԷ鹩Ѻ繼͡ѭҹöͨӡѴ㹡鹷ҧʵҧѴմǧҹ͡ ͷҡ͹حҵз੾ҧȷѴ͡˵شѧ. 㹡ó蹹 ѭҹ件֧ͨӡѴѧ͹Ѻ¹ͨӡѴҢͧѭ.

9. Free Software Foundation ö͡ General Public License ѹѺا/ѹ繤駤. ѭѹҨѧӤѭ㹷ӹͧǡѹѺѹѨغѹ Ҩᵡҧ͡´ͨѴáѺѭзԴ.

ѭѹŢѹᵡҧѹ͡. ҡкŢѹͧѭҷѺ "ѹ " سշҧ͡лԺѵԵ͡˹͹䢢ͧѭѹѹ 价͡ Free Software Foundation. ҡкŢѹͧѭ سö͡ѭѹ˹͡ Free Software Foundation.

10. ҡسʧйǹСͺͧ㹫Ϳ蹷͹㹡ᵡҧ͡ سеͧ¹͹حҵҡҧäѡɳѡ. 㹡óբͧͿԢԷͧ Free Software Foundation س¹件֧ Free Software Foundation ͧҡҧҡաü͹ùҧѺó蹹. ȷҧ㹡õѴԹ㨢ͧҨТѺͧСäʹçѡҤ㹧ҹѴŧҡͿբͧ Ҿҧ觻ѹСùӡѺͧͿ.

աѺСѹ
11. ͧҡѺ͹حҵԴŤ ˵ع֧աѺСѹ 仨֧ͺࢵҷ衮·Ǣͧӹ. ҢͧԢԷ/ͺؤͺ "ѡɳлѨغѹ" »ȨҡѺСѹѡɳ 駪Ѵ» ֧ӡѴ§ѺСѹ»¶֧㹡ҧҴ ͤѵػʧ੾ҧҧ˹ 駹кҧѡɳѡ. س繼Ѻ§ͧسҾͻԷҾͧ. ҡҡԧشͧ س繼Ѻе鹷ع㹡úاѡ ҷ繷.

12. աó ѧѺ¡·Ǣͧͷ赡ŧѹѡɳѡ ҢͧԢԷͺؤ㴼觴Ѵŧ/仵͹حҵҧ еͧѺ·µͤس ֧· ੾ ºѧԭ ͧ˵ ѹ繼Ҩҡͤö㹡 (֧ӡѴ§٭¢ͧ ͡÷Ŷ١ԴҴ ͤѹسͺؤѺ ͤǢͧ㹡÷ӧҹѺ) ֧ҢͧԢԷͺؤ蹴ѧǢҧ鹨Ѻ͹֧ͧǡ.

͡˹͹


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